Case Study: Abrasion-Resistant Elbows
A Weekly ChoreIn 1999 and 2000, Sorensen and his team were patching and replacing the elbows as often as every week. Moving highly abrasive calcined kaolin to storage in 10 different silos, the conveying system used dense-phase pneumatic transporters to push the material through a dozen elbows in both horizontal and vertical configurations. The traditional long-radius elbows were no match for the material, according to Sorensen, who had to add a daily inspection of every elbow in the line to his list of responsibilities. The constant leaks and failures wreaked havoc on the company's operation.
"Each elbow would wear through and leak within a week or two after installation," says Sorensen. "We would patch them up, but even that would only add a few more days to their operational life."
With the elbows installed in a variety of accessible and hard-to-reach places throughout the conveying line, patching and replacing them was no easy task. Replacing some elbows, for example, required a workbasket lift and a two- to three-person crew. The costs in maintenance and the dozens of elbow replacements each year were adding up. And the spillage from the leaking kaolin led to lost production and increases in housekeeping chores.
"We had to fix the situation," says Sorensen.
A Smart SolutionAs the situation approached a breaking point, Sorensen and a colleague noticed an ad in a trade magazine for a different type of conveying elbow, called the Smart Elbow® from HammerTek Corp., Landisville, Pa. The technology has been used in some of the world's largest facilities handling ceramics, plastics, grains, minerals, food ingredients and other materials.
Based on the natural flow patterns and tendencies of fluids, the elbow's design concept is akin to how water flowing in a river is often caught in circular eddies before being released back into the current. The system combines a rounded chamber on a tight-radius elbow in a single, rugged unit. The conveyed particles gather and swirl inside the rounded chamber in a slowly rotating, self-renewing ball, absorbing new material while gradually releasing material to continue on its way in a first-in, first-out progression. Other particles moving toward the rounded chamber are deflected off of this rotating ball of air and material, and continue on their way through the ssystem en route to storage.
While traditional elbows invite collisions between the materials and the elbow wall, the Smart Elbow is designed to eliminate such wearing impact, instead causing gentle deflections that promote directional change without adversely affecting system pressure.
Sorensen tested a single Smart Elbow, a 6-in. tungsten carbide coated HammerLast 300 model, in June 2000. He quickly began replacing others as leaks occurred in the old elbows, until he eventually replaced all 12 with the new design. "The Smart Elbow far exceeded our expectations," says Sorensen. "Upgrading to the Smart Elbow was an easy decision."
"The maintenance team at Carbo Ceramics was instrumental in providing the data and information we used to recommend the ideal elbow," explains Riggert.
Peace of MindSince the installation, only one elbow of the 12 has been patched, and none has required replacement. Sorensen's daily elbow inspections have been practically eliminated, along with the costly line downtime, maintenance and cleanup expenses.
"There are cost savings, but more importantly, you can't place a high enough value on the peace of mind," says Sorensen. "Installing Smart Elbows is an easy call for anyone processing ceramics or other abrasive materials."
For more information about the abrasion-resistant conveying line elbows, contact HammerTek Corp., P.O. Box 416, Landisville, PA 17538-0416; (800) 505-9665 or (717) 898-7665; fax (717) 898-9279; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org; or visit http://www.hammertek.com.