Zirconium dioxide (ZrO2, also known as zirconia) is a versatile material in the ceramic industry, serving many uses due to its high hardness, chemical resistance, and unique electronic and optical properties. Compared to other ceramics, zirconia has higher compressive and flexural strength. These features are desirable for the foundry, refractories and electronics industries, among others, with a diverse set of end uses.
High-performance ceramics have been key for delivering multiple benefits in challenging and hostile environments. Unique characteristics such as light weight, high hardness, corrosion resistance, and high melting points have made ceramics the materials of choice in nuclear, defense, aerospace, and industrial applications, among others.
Several important factors, such as concern for the environment, economic competitiveness and technology, have converged over the past 25 years to cause both industry and government to constantly reassess the cleaning phase of manufacturing processes.